Human Hair is the most popular in the hair industry for hair extensions. Unfortunately, the human hair market can be quite deceptive. Many vendors are selling other fibers & blended fibers that are disguised as human hair for a profit. Human hair is mostly imported from Asia. It is always important to properly research and know the suppliers you use for guaranteed hair supply.
Kanekalon Hair is mixed fibers that are synthetic. This synthetic hair is made up of an excellent quality of hair and ranges in various colors & textures. Some kanekalon fibers are made up of high-resistance to heat. This type of fiber is also special made for braided styles. Other fibers mimic human hair very closely. Its durability in cost and styles are very sought after in today’s hair market.
Nylon Synthetic is one of the least costs within the variety of extension hair. Nylon fibers are synthetic and come in various options to choose from. This type of fiber reflects light and may appear shiny. Nylon is not heat resistant, so applying a hot tool is not recommended.
YAK hair is a fiber from an actual Ox. Many are found in the mountains of Tibet and Central Asia. This type of fiber may be worn alone or blended with human hair.
When understanding braids, its broad classification can be visible and invisible braids.
A visible braid is a three-strand braid created by the underhand technique. An Underhand braid is better known as plaiting. Plaiting is when both the left and the right strand are braided underneath the middle strand.
An invisible braid is a three strand braid better known as inverted or French braid. This type of braid is produced by doing an overhanded technique. This technique is created when one strand goes under the middle strand, and the other goes over the middle strand. The braid can be started from either side.
Understanding both invisible and visible braids is important when wanting to explore the trendiest or up to date braid styles. As this is the basis of braiding. Understanding this foundational overview of braids will assist in mastering braids in general. Once you have become dexterous in these techniques, your creativity will begin to take off.
This is a braid style that consists of just two strands. The two strands are twisted around one another to create this stunning look. One important step in performing this style is to pick up and add more hair to both strands before you twist one side other the other. This is style for longer or shorter length hair.
This braid style is best on non-layered, shoulder length or longer hair. This braid consists of two strands of hair that crisscrossed one another while one side is picked up and added to the other side.
This type of braid is also better known as “box braids or individual braids”. These are free hanging braids that could be with or without extensions being added. These types of braid can also be performed on many different types of hair textures and a variation of ways.
The subsections for single braids can be in square, triangular, rectangle, or circular sections.
Extensions can also play a role with single braids. With extensions, you can increase the wide variety of styles and lengths possible. You may also choose from the selections of fibers (human, yak, yarn, synthetic) when adding extensions.
This type of braid is also known as cane rows. Cane rows are somewhat symbolic to their actual name when visualized in braiding hair. Consistent and even partings are the pictorial when thinking of cornrows. The partings are made up of three-strands of hair that is braided onto the scalp. These vary in size and are created for men, women, and children.
Extensions can also purpose the cornrow braiding style. With extensions added, it will increase the longevity up to a month or even longer with proper care.
This type of braid is a newer trend that adds extension hair for lengthy look. Normally, this style can take up to 3-4 hrs. It’s best to have some familiarity with braiding to achieve this style. This braid style has several varieties due to the evolution of braid trends.
CHI Pliable polish
(Weightless Styling Paste)
CHI Twisted Fabric
The history of wigs stems from ancient Egypt from both male and female wearers. In that time Egyptians found comfort in bald heads from the brutal sun and heat. They also desired the beauty of hair. This is how wigs came about. The wigs also indicated the social status and ranks of the people. The women designed their wigs with braids and gold ornaments. The most elaborate of wigs, meant the higher they were in social ranks.
In today’s society wigs are defined as an artificial covering of hair for the head made up of interwoven hair in various types. The word wig is short for periwig that first appeared from English language around 1675.
Many wear wigs to disguise baldness, alopecia, design or whatever circumstance that arises. This apparel design can be made up of human hair, artificial or synthetic hair, sheep’s wool, etc. Many have worn wigs as a part of costumes or to resemble a particular character.
There are two basics types of wigs. Either capless or cap wigs.
Cap Wigs are wigs that are constructed using some type of elastic band with a mesh fiber interior. These types of wig require a special fitting to assist in customizing. Cap wigs are hand-knotted. The knots are hand-tied underneath the net (mesh interior) in assisting with concealing the cap edges. Normally the edge of the caps highly resembles the clients scalp. This gives a naturally look in appearance for the client.
Capless Wigs are usually machine made from a various choice of hair fibers. The wig hair is woven into wefts.
Wefts are threaded edges on a long piece of hair. The capless wig is made up of many rows of sewn in elastic bands that usually fit all head shapes. These types of wigs are mostly ready to wear and less expensive that cap wigs.
Wig Measurements are made to customize a client’s wig selection properly secure the right fit for clients head.
A stylist should use a soft tape measure to get accurate measurements. In doing this, the tape measure should be close to clients head without much pressure. Make sure to keep measurement for future records and to send to wig manufacturers for precise specifications.
Cleaning Wigs should always be followed by manufactures instructions. Many clients will bring their wigs into the salon to allow stylist to properly clean and care for. If shampooing is what is recommended, a milder shampoo should be used. It is best to avoid shampoos with a sulfur base because it can appear too harsh. Always soak wig and let air dry. Many wigs can be followed by conditioning as well.
Hair pieces are a way in which a client’s natural hair can be pulled through to help blend for a natural looking appearance. Hair pieces can add both length and volume for the client’s desired choice. Extensions can also create this look through various techniques.
Toupees are generally worn by men although women can also. A toupee is a small wig to cover the apex or front portion of a client’s head. To apply a toupee, a stylist can use tape, clips, adhesive, or sew-in method for a secure fit.
Braid & Sew-in Method is a method is which hair extensions are sewn into clients own hair by sewing braids or a wefts onto a braid or cornrow.
Bonding Method is a method of attaching hair extensions (wefts) to the scalp with an adhesive or bonding agent.
When bonding in hair the natural flowing hair should be at least 4inches of length to properly cover the weft or extensions.
Fusion Bonding is a method in attaching extensions to the clients own hair and bonding it with a special heating tool.
|Implements & Procedures
Comb (Various Sizes)
Biosilk Volumizing Therapy Texturizing Powder
CHI Magnified Volume Hair Spray
CHI Orbit Styler Ceramic Iron
|1) Section a 2-3 inch radius from the top of head at apex. This will be the hair that is detailed with curls, so enough needs to be left out for curling. Once hair is sectioned, place clip to control the hair.||2) Apply Biosilk Volumizing Texturizing Powder at the root for added volume and then begin a 3 Strand braid at occipital bone. Continue braiding hair around circumference of the head in a downward motion.|
|3) Each subsection of the hair makes a rotation of 3 placements on top, center, and bottom. When starting the second braid, add hair to only the bottom sub-section which will attach the braid close to the scalp and move it over the parted line.
Continue around the head an odd number of times (3 or 5) while applying CHI Magnified Volume Finishing Spray after each braid.
|4) On the final rotation (closet to hairline), leave random hair strands out of the braid. In front of ears, close to temples and at hairline recession is recommended.||5) Using the CHI Orbit Styler Ceramic Iron and CHI Magnified Volume Finishing Spray, create small curls from roots to ends, starting at the outer edges of the round section and working towards the apex.||6) To finish the look use a medium sized comb to separate at the apex. Tease hair at roots to mid length and decrease amount of teasing as you reach the edges.
Utilize pins at the edges of hair to assist with keeping the curls in place. The finished look will reflect an effortless curl.
|Implements & Procedures Biosilk Clean Dry Shampoo Biosilk Finishing Spray
Biosilk Shine Spray
1) Apply Biosilk Dry Clean Shampoo to the scalp area on the apex region of the head.
2) Take small sections on the apex region and began to backcomb the hair using your CHI Backcomb Brush.
3) Once hair is backcombed, spray a small amount of Biosilk finishing spray to the area to hold volume in place. Once finishing spray is applied, lay over all resting hair over backcombed are shown in picture below.